"The Adam Clarke Commentary". A God of knowledge - He is the most wise, teaching all good, and knowing all things. 9:1-15:35 The choice of David, his struggles with Saul, Saul’s ruin at last, and the opening of the way for David to the throne, 1 Sam. 1 Samuel 2:8. Made him a little coat - קטן מעיל meil katon, a little cloak, or surtout, an upper garment: probably intended to keep him from the cold, and to save his other clothes from being abused in his meaner services. All Rights Reserved. “No one is holy like the Lord, For there is none besides You, Nor is there any rock like our God. This prophecy looks to the kingdom of Christ, that kingdom of grace, of which Hannah speaks, after having spoken largely of the kingdom of providence. A piece of silver - כסף אגורת agorath keseph, translated by the Septuagint, οβολου αργυριου, an obolus of silver. The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken - Those who contend with him, מריביו meribaiu, by sinning against his laws, opposing the progress of his word, or persecuting his people. 1 Samuel 2:1. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 2:11-26 Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. Those who allow their children in any evil way, and do not use their authority to restrain and punish them, in effect honour them more than God. Jonathan was a dutiful son, Saul … The foot of his saints he shall keep, And the wicked shall be silent in darkness; For by strength shall no man prevail. Jehovah shall judge the ends of the earth; And he shall give strength to his King. 2 Samuel 1. In general, none are more abandoned than the degenerate children of godly persons, when they break through restraints. This first book gives us a full account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government, 1 Sam. 1. Hannah's prophetic hymn, 1 Samuel 2:1-10. At this Eli connived, and thus honored his sons above God. He will not have sodden flesh - He chooses roast meat, not boiled; and if they had it in the pot before the servant came, he took it out that it might be roasted. The Lord killeth - God is the arbiter of life and death; he only can give life, and he only has a right to take it away. 2 Samuel 1 – David Mourns the Death of Saul A. David learns of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths. The strong are soon weakened, and the weak are soon strengthened, when God pleases. Sometimes we translate it hell, which now means the state of perdition, or place of eternal torments; but as this comes from the Saxon, to cover or conceal, it means only the covered place. See the note on Exodus 38:8, where the Hebrew text is similar to that in this place. Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:17-27 (Read 2 Samuel 1:17-27) Kasheth, or "the bow," probably was the title of this mournful, funeral song. The Israelites earnestly beg Samuel … 1. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. Μη καυχασθω ὁ φρονιμος εν τῃ φρονησει αυτου, κ. τ. λ. Και κατελιπεν αυτον εκει ενωπιον Κυριου· και απηλθεν εις Αραματαια, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The word cardut they seem to have borrowed from the Greek χειριδωτος, a tunic, having χειριδας, i.e., sleeves that came down to, or covered, the hands. Paraphrastically expressed by Mr. Francis: -. 1 Samuel 2:5. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient. Indeed the learned rabbi, David Kimchi, was so struck with them that he ingenuously confessed that 'the King of whom Hannah speaks is the Messiah,' of whom she spake either by prophecy or tradition; for, continues he, 'there was a tradition among the Israelites, that a great zing should arise in Israel; and she seals up her song with celebrating this King who was to deliver them from all their enemies.' These men divided this book into two parts. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. 1 Samuel 2:1. Thou bringest back hope to desponding minds; And thou addest strength and horns to the poor man. (27-36). He will keep the feet of his saints - He will order and direct all their goings, and keep them from every evil way. 1 Samuel 2:2. But now - be it far from me - You have walked unworthily; I shall annul my promise, and reverse my ordinance. Sins against the remedy, the atonement itself, are most dangerous, they tread under foot the blood of the covenant. I will build him a sure house - I will continue the priesthood in his family. And they that were hungry ceased.] Any rock like our God - Rabbi Maimon has observed that the word צור tsur, which we translate rock, signifies, when applied to Jehovah, fountain, source, spring. 1 Samuel 2:1-11.HANNAH'S SONG IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:11-26 (Read 1 Samuel 2:11-26) Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite  from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. (1-4) David hears the news in Ziklag. And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; My horn is exalted in the LORD. They formerly pampered themselves, and fed to the full on the Lord's sacrifices; and now they are reduced to a morsel of bread. The law had determined what sins should be punished with death; and it was supposed that there was not any appeal from the decision there pronounced. Shall judge the ends on the earth - His empire shall be extended over all mankind by the preaching of the everlasting Gospel, for to this the afterpart of the verse seems to apply: He shall give strength unto his king, and shall exalt the horn of his Christ, or, as the Targum says, משיחיה מלכות וירבי viribbey malcuth Meshicheyh, "he shall multiply the kingdom of the Messiah." He respects not man's wisdom or fancied excellences, but chooses those whom the world accounts foolish, teaching them to feel their guilt, and to value his free and precious salvation. The Targum says, "He shall walk משיחי קדם kodam Meshichi, before my Messiah," and the Septuagint expresses it, ενωπιον Χριστου μον, "before my Christ;" for, in their proper and more extended sense, these things are supposed to belong to our great High Priest and the Christian system: but the word may refer to the Israelitish people. There is none beside thee - There can be but one unoriginated, infinite, and eternal Being; that Being is Jehovah. They wasted the Lord's heritage, and now they beg their bread! This video is unavailable. "They know! There shall not be an old man - This is repeated from the preceding verse, all the family shall die in the flower of their years, as is said in the following verse. It means the grave, the state of the dead, and the invisible place, or place of separate spirits. Farther account of Samuel, and of the Divine blessing on Elkanah and Hannah, 1 Samuel 2:18-21. And did I choose him - The high priesthood was a place of the greatest honor that could be conferred on man, and a place of considerable emolument; for from their part of the sacrifices they derived a most comfortable livelihood. Watch Queue Queue. The subjects of Christ's kingdom will be safe, and the enemies of it will be ruined; for the Anointed, the Lord Christ, is able to save, and to destroy. Jehovah killeth, and maketh alive; He bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. Hymns of praise are frequently comprehended under the name of prayers. The barren hath borne seven, And she who had many children is greatly enfeebled. It is probable that she furnished him with a new one each year, when she came up to one of the annual sacrifices. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 2 and more! For to Jehovah belong the pillars of the earth, And upon them he hath placed the globe. The tradition, as we have seen, was founded principally on Balaam's second and third prophecies, Numbers 24:7-17; and we cannot but admire that gracious dispensation of spiritual gifts to Hannah (whose name signifies grace) in ranking her among the prophets who should first unfold a leading title of the blessed Seed of the woman. But it has been chosen for the lectionary because of its parallels with the gospel text for the day regarding Jesus’ boyhood (Luke 2:41-52). She looks beyond the gift, and praises the Giver. And Hannah prayed, and said - The Chaldee very properly says, And Hannah prayed in the spirit of prophecy; for indeed the whole of this prayer, or as it may be properly called oracular declaration, is a piece of regular prophecy, every part of it having respect to the future, and perhaps not a little - of it declaratory oil the Messiah's kingdom. There is no source whence continual help and salvation can arise but our God. The weighed or righteous acts of God are described in 1 Samuel 2:4-8 in great and general traits, as displayed in the government of His kingdom through the marvellous changes which occur in the circumstances connected with the lives of the righteous and the wicked. Are we poor? Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" 1 Samuel 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. This was esteemed an effeminate garment among the Romans. Jehovah maketh poor, and maketh rich; He bringeth down, and he even exalteth. Actions are weighed - נתכנו nithkenu, they are directed; it is by his counsel alone that we can successfully begin, continue, or end, any work. It became afterwards established in the younger branch of the family of Aaron; for Eli was a descendant of Ithamar, Aaron's youngest son. 1 Samuel 2:2. The following words of Horace to his jar are well known, and speak a sentiment very similar to that above: -. If one man sin against another - All differences between man and man may be settled by the proper judge; but if a man sin against the Supreme Judge, God himself, who shall reconcile him to his Maker? 1 Samuel 2:4. Eli blessed Elkanah - The natural place of this verse seems to be before the 11th; after which the 21st should come in; after the 21st, perhaps the 26th should come in. Should walk before me for ever - See Exodus 29:9; Exodus 40:15; Numbers 25:10-13, where it is positively promised that the priesthood should be continued in the family of Aaron For Ever. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:4". 1 Samuel 2:1 Horn here symbolizes strength; also in verse 10.; 1 Samuel 2:17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text people; 1 Samuel 2:20 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text and asked from; 1 Samuel 2:25 Or the judges; 1 Samuel 2:29 The Hebrew is plural. When sinners begin to repent and reform, they must expect that Satan will muster all his force against them, and set his instruments at work to the utmost, to oppose and discourage them. Because the Lord would slay them - The particle כי ki, which we translate because, and thus make their continuance in sin the effect of God's determination to destroy them, should be translated therefore, as it means in many parts of the sacred writings. Shall come and crouch to him - Shall prostrate himself before him in the most abject manner, begging to be employed even in the meanest offices about the tabernacle, in order to get even the most scanty means of support. In short, both vegetable and animal life depend, under God, on these pillars or compressors of the earth; and were it not for this compressing power, the air contained in the vessels of all plants and animals would by its elasticity expand and instantly rupture all those vessels, and cause the destruction of all animal and vegetable life: but God in his wisdom has so balanced these two forces, that, while they appear to counteract and balance each other, they serve, by mutual dilations and compressions, to promote the circulation of the sap in vegetables, and the blood in animals. Before they burnt the fat - They would serve themselves before God was served! Like them, she describes the promised Savior of the world as a King, before there was any king in Israel; and she first applied to him the remarkable epithet Messiah in Hebrew, Christ in Greek, and Anointed in English, which was adopted by David, Nathan, Ethan, Isaiah, Daniel, and the succeeding prophets of the Old Testament; and by the apostles and inspired writers of the New. Loading... Close. "He was a bright star, but now is become a moon, Joseph is taken from prison, and is become a king.". Hannah was also a prophetess of the first class, besides predicting her own fruitfulness, 1 Samuel 2:5, (for she bore six children in all, 1 Samuel 2:21;), she foretold not only the more immediate judgments of God upon the Philistines during her son's administration, 1 Samuel 2:10, but his remoter judgments 'upon the ends of the earth,' 1 Samuel 2:10, in the true spirit of the prophecies of Jacob, Balaam, and Moses. Watch Queue Queue. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. The word צר tsar, which we translate an enemy, and the Vulgate aemulum, a rival, signifies calamity; and this is the best sense to understand it in here. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. The abominable conduct of Eli's sons, 1 Samuel 2:12-17. Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom and let not the rich man glory in his riches; but let him who glorieth rather glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth the Lord; and that he executeth judgment and righteousness in the midst of the earth. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. They that were full - All the things mentioned in these verses frequently happen in the course of the Divine providence; and indeed it is the particular providence of God that Hannah seems more especially to celebrate through the whole of this simple yet sublime ode. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Let Eli's example excite parents earnestly to strive against the beginnings of wickedness, and to train up their children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 2 Samuel 1. And the man of thine - Of this passage Calmet observes: "The posterity of Eli possessed the high priesthood to the time of Solomon; and even when that dynasty was transferred to another family, God preserved that of Eli, not to render it more happy, but to punish it by seeing the prosperity of its enemies, to the end that it might see itself destitute and despised. For the pillars of the earth are the Lord's - He is almighty, and upholds all things by the word of his power. Remove all; … The full have hired out themselves for bread, And the famished cease for ever. Thus, the Song of Hannah serves as ‘a thematic and structural introduction to Samuel'” (Tsumara, 135, quoting R.C. And shall exalt the horn of his Messiah. He bringeth down to the grave - The Hebrew word שאול sheol, which we translate grave, seems to have the same meaning in the Old Testament with ἁδης, hades in the New, which is the word generally used by the Septuagint for the other. God made us rich, which is a good reason why we should be thankful, and serve him cheerfully, and do good with the abundance he gives us. Hannah's song of thanksgiving. Kindle Store. Your sin is immediately against God himself, and is the highest insult that can be offered, because it is in the matter of his own worship, therefore ye may expect his heaviest judgments. All this he saw, that is, knew to have taken place, before he met with his own tragical death. He received a blessing from the Lord. 1 Samuel 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings The Birth of Samuel. In some parts of England the word helling is used for the covers of a book, the slating of a house, etc. Commentary on 1 Samuel 7:7-12 (Read 1 Samuel 7:7-12) The Philistines invaded Israel. It should also be noted that the Song of Hannah in 1 … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26" A national priesthood, when the foundation is right, may be a great blessing; but if the priesthood becomes corrupt, though the foundation itself stand sure, the corruption of the national manners will be the unavoidable consequence. The writer wrote the book in the *Hebrew language. David does not commend Saul for what he was not; and says nothing of his piety or goodness. She rejoiced in the salvation of the Lord, and in expectation of His coming, who is the whole salvation of his people. Hannah’s ‘song’ and David’s ‘songs’ serve as a frame or inclusio around the entire narrative of 1-2 Samuel. Their most execrable conduct, described 1 Samuel 2:13-17, caused the people to abhor the Lord's offering. He shall walk before mine Anointed - He shall minister before Solomon, and the kings which shall reign in the land. After the clause, The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces, the Septuagint add the following words: Μη καυχασθω ὁ φρονιμος εν τῃ φρονησει αυτου, κ. τ. λ. 1 Samuel 2:3. 1 Samuel 2:10. Here the horn means spiritual as well as secular dominion. 1 Samuel & 2 Samuel Commentary (English Edition) eBook: John Wesley: Amazon.it: Kindle Store. The Lord maketh poor - For many cannot bear affluence, and if God should continue to trust them with riches, they would be their ruin. None holy - Holiness is peculiar to the God of Israel; no false god ever pretended to holiness; it was no attribute of heathenism, nor of any religion ever professed in the world before or since the true revelation of the true God. Christ is that merciful and faithful High Priest, whom God raised up when the Levitical priesthood was thrown off, who in all things did his Father's mind, and for whom God will build a sure house, build it on a rock, so that hell cannot prevail against it. If our high priests, our archbishops and bishops, do not their duty, the whole body of the clergy may become corrupt or inefficient. Girded with a linen ephod - This the Targum translates דבוץ כרדוט אסיר asir cardut debuts, "Girded with a cardit of byssus, or fine linen." God's work shall never fall to the ground for want of hands to carry it on. An established religion, where the foundation is good, as is ours, I consider a great blessing; but it is liable to this continual abuse, which nothing but careful and rigid ecclesiastical discipline can either cure or prevent. It was their not hearkening that induced the Lord to will their destruction. They lay with the women that assembled - It is probable that these were persons who had some employment about the tabernacle. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 22, where David goes hiding in the cave of Adullam, and Saul murders Ahimelech and the other priests. Skip navigation Sign in. They that are full have hired out themselves for bread Such as have been full of the good things of this life have been stripped of all, and reduced to such circumstances as to be obliged to hire themselves out to persons to labour under them for their bread. Hannah prayed — That is, praised God. And the allusion thereto by Zacharias, the father of the Baptist, in his hymn, Luke 1:69, where he calls Christ a 'horn of salvation,' and the beautiful imitation of it by the blessed Virgin throughout in her hymn, Luke 1:46-55, furnishing the finest commentary thereon, clearly prove that Hannah in her rejoicing had respect to something higher than Peninnah her rival, or to the triumphs of Samuel, or even of David himself; the expressions are too magnificent and sublime to be confined to such objects. This pressure, independently of what is called gravity, is sufficient to keep all the parts of the earth together, and perhaps to counteract all the influence of centrifugal force. Many years later, men translated the Bible into the Greek language (the language of the *New Testament). 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. (1-2) Thanksgiving and praise. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. The sons of Eli were sons of Belial - They were perverse, wicked, profligate men; devil's children. Bailey). 1 Samuel 7:2. 1 Samuel 2:6. Let not prevarication come out of your mouth; For the God of knowledge is Jehovah, And by him actions are directed. When any man offered sacrifice - That is, when a peace-offering was brought, the right shoulder and the breast belonged to the priest, the fat was burnt upon the altar, and the blood was poured at the bottom of the altar; the rest of the flesh belonged to the offerer. Are we rich? This shows the depth of the judgments of God and the grandeur of his justice, which extends even to distant generations, and manifests itself to sinners both in life and death; both in their own disgrace, and in the prosperity of their enemies.". The words pillars of the earth, ארץ מצקי metsukey erets, Mr. Parkhurst translates and defends thus: "The compressors of the earth; i.e., the columns of the celestial fluid which compress or keep its parts together." - This was a question of the most solemn importance under the old covenant, especially after the death of Moses, the mediator. Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great - That is, Hophni and Phinehas, the sons of Eli. © 2020 Christianity.com. 1:1-8:22 Of Samuel’s resignation of the government and Saul’s advancement and mal-administration, 1 Sam. Any rock — Thou only art a sure defence and refuge to all that flee to thee. Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. 1 Samuel 2:5. The Targum translates it מעא mea, which is the same as the Hebrew gerah, and weighed about sixteen grains of barley. ESV Expository Commentary: 1 Samuel–2 Chronicles Volume 3 Series edited by Iain M. Duguid , James M. Hamilton Jr. , Jay Sklar , Contributions by John L. Mackay , J. Gary Millar, John Olley The story of Cincinnatus is well known; so is that of the patriarch Joseph; but there is one not less in point, that of Roushen Akhter, who was brought out of a dungeon, and exalted to the throne of Hindustan. Read 1 Samuel 13:14. But although this promise appears to be absolute, yet we plainly see that, like all other apparently absolute promises of God, it is conditional, i.e., a condition is implied though not expressed. He lifteth up the poor from the dust; From the dunghill he exalteth the beggar, To make him sit with the nobles, And inherit the throne of glory. I smile at my enemies, Because I rejoice in Your salvation. There is none holy like Jehovah, For there is none besides thee; There is no rock like our God. nor would an angel show Him; They would not know, nor choose to know Him.". The story is familiar to many of us. But where there is no law to back the claims of the worthless and the wicked, men of piety and solid merit only can find support; for they must live on the free-will offerings of the people. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-2.html. Nimirum famelici esse, to be still hungry; they were "filled with good things," as Luke 1:53. Unto the house of thy father - That is, to Aaron; he was the first high priest; the priesthood descended from him to his eldest son Eleazar, then to Phinehas. In the midst of the sentence against the house of Eli, mercy is promised to Israel.
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