General Interest

2 samuel 17 commentary

It was bold and had a high probability of success and it would spare Israel a protracted civil war between the supporters of David and the supporters of Absalom. Commentary: Introduction to 2 Samuel We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Then he put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died; and he was buried in his father’s tomb. David is King of Israel (2 Samuel) The book of 2 Samuel (EasyEnglish Bible) David, the Great King of Israel (2 Samuel) A Commentary by Helen Pocock Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul and David have been in conflict ever since David killed Goliath and the people shouted, "Saul has slain his thousands, David his ten thousands" (1 Samuel 18:7). So Israel and Absalom encamped in the land of Gilead. 2 Samuel 7:1-17 NRSV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 NRSV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary New Revised Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 2 Samuel 7:1-17 Audio Edition NIV Commentary Audio Edition 2 Samuel 7:1-17 Teacher Study Hints for Thinking Further Voices spoke more gently; hands touched his more softly; pitiful compassion rained tender assurances about his path; and, better than all, the bright-harnessed angels of God’s protection encamped about his path and his lying down.” (Meyer), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Click on the different category headings to find out more. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. Surely it went ill with Jerusalem when two such faithful priests as they were might not be seen to come into the city. BARNES, "This night - The night of the day on which David fled, and Absalom entered into Jerusalem. (24-26) Absalom crosses the Jordan to pursue David. Of course, Amasa was Absalom's cousin, and though himself an Israelite, his father was an Ishmaelite ( 1 Chronicles 2:17 ). 17 Moreover, Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Let me choose twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue David tonight. Shall we do as he says? 13–17. Shall a man have wisdom enough to arrange his worldly affairs with care, and yet shall he be so hapless as to take his own life afterwards?” (Spurgeon), iii. The Darkest Days of David’s Life (2 Samuel 16:20 -- 19:8) 18. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. He was not out to destroy David, but to correct him. SECRET INTELLIGENCE SENT TO DAVID. He knew all was lost. God was in control; the LORD had purposed. Yet God did not forsake David during this time of chastening. (12-13) David’s second attempt to cover his sin fails. : Hushai’s point is that it was too risky to attack David immediately. They were specially sent by God to comfort David in his affliction. “Suicide is always the ultimate action of cowardice. : Because of this successful intelligence operation, David escaped the immediate danger from Absalom. (2 Samuel 15:31). God led Ahithophel to give foolish counsel that, purposed to defeat the good advice of Ahithophel, That the LORD might bring disaster on Absalom, : In all of this there was a severe chastening for David, and he knew it. 17 Moreover, Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Let me choose twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue David tonight. Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed at En Rogel, for they dared not be seen coming into the city; so a female servant would come and tell them, and they would go and tell King David. For all Israel knows that your father is a mighty man, and those who are with him are valiant men.”. 2 I will come upon him while he is q weary and discouraged and throw him into a panic, and all the people who are with him will flee. This Amasa, Absalom crossed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him. : This suggestion favored Absalom’s vanity. If he did this swiftly, without war or unnecessary bloodshed, the people would soon be fully behind him (17:1-4). . 17 Ahithophel said to Absalom, “I would[ a] choose twelve thousand men and set out tonight in pursuit of David. “Therefore I advise that all Israel be fully gathered to you, from Dan to Beersheba, like the sand that is by the sea for multitude, and that you go to battle in person. And when Absalom’s servants came to the woman at the house, they said, “Where. ). : This is exactly what David had in mind when he sent Hushai and the priests back to Absalom (2 Samuel 15:35-36). e. There is a slaughter among the people who follow Absalom: Hushai’s point is that it was too risky to attack David immediately. "All that Hushai said about the bravery and heroism of David and his men was well founded," and universally known in Israel. The men with him are valiant men" (2 Samuel 17:8-10). Then David went to Mahanaim. Abner, the commander of Saul's army, made Ishbaal, Saul's son, king of Israel—resulting in warfare between Israel I will be a father to him, and he shall be a son to me” (2 Samuel 7:12b-14). 2.1 by Hank Workman. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. the valley of Rephaim] See note on ch. For they said, “The people are hungry and weary and thirsty in the wilderness.”. “Thousands set their houses in order, but destroy their souls; they look well to their flocks and their herds, but not to their hearts’ best interests. Deep in his heart even Ahithophel knew that David was the real king. And Absalom crossed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him. Nothing could more easily happen than that one of these wells, in consequence of a deficiency of water, should become dry and it would then answer as a place of retreat, such as David's friends found in the man's house at Bahurim. 16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils. But his dexterity was chiefly displayed in that part of his counsel which recommended a general levy throughout the country; and that Absalom should take command of it in person--thereby flattering at once the pride and ambition of the usurper. a. 5. Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Now let me choose twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue David tonight. Instead, he was wise enough to know that under Hushai’s plan Absalom would fail and Ahithophel would be implicated in the conspiracy. : This would take time. 18. and came to a man's house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court--The court was that of the house, and the well an empty cistern. Then David said to Uriah, “Wait here today also, … Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 2 Samuel 17:23-29 . The whole nation had not gone over to Absalom, especially since he publicly disgraced David’s concubines. Anyone who does commit suicide has given in to the lies and deceptions of Satan, whose purpose is to kill and destroy (John 10:10). If not, speak up.” So Hushai said to Absalom: “The advice that Ahithophel has given is not good at this time.” “For,” said Hushai, “you know your father and his men, that they are mighty men, and they are enraged in their minds, like a bear robbed of her cubs in the field; and your father is a man of war, and will not camp with the people. ii. Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed at En Rogel, for they dared not be seen coming into the city; so a female servant would come and tell them, and they would go and tell King David. Chapter 17. When Ahithophel saw that his advice was not followed: Ahithophel did not kill himself over hurt feelings because his counsel was rejected. Amasa--By the genealogy it appears that this captain stood in the same relation to David as Joab, both being his nephews. When Ahithophel saw that his advice was not followed. One reason Absalom liked Hushai’s advice was because it appealed to his vanity. : It is a remarkable evidence of the hand of God and answer to David’s prayer in 2 Samuel 15:31 that Absalom even asked for another opinion after such wise, well-received counsel. He hoped that Absalom would vividly remember the David of the past. 2 Samuel 17:1-14 . Now therefore, send quickly and tell David, saying, ‘Do not spend this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily cross over, lest the king and all the people who are with him be swallowed up.’”. God led Ahithophel to give foolish counsel that was listened to (as in 2 Samuel 16:20-23). c. That the LORD might bring disaster on Absalom: In all of this there was a severe chastening for David, and he knew it. I would strike down only the king 3 and bring all the people back to you. 1. Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed at En Rogel, for they dared not be seen coming into the city; so a female servant would come and tell them, and they would go and tell King David. And that you go to battle in person: This suggestion favored Absalom’s vanity. Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom. Then the woman took and spread a covering over the well’s mouth, and spread ground grain on it; and the thing was not known. Then I’ll bring the army back to … Chapters 1 through 5 trace the road to dominion. 2 samuel 17 commentary 1. “Therefore I advise that all Israel be fully gathered to you, from Dan to Beersheba, like the sand that, I advise that all Israel be fully gathered. b. I will strike only the king: This slip of the tongue was more like an unknowing prophecy. It may be remarked that the Israelites did not, at that time, refuse the rites of sepulture even to those who died by their own hands. Being considered a luxurious refreshment ( Solomon 4:11 ), the supply of it shows the high respect that was paid to David by his loyal and faithful subjects at Mahanaim. Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom. Deep in his heart even Ahithophel knew that David was the real king. 1 Now Ahithophel urged Absalom, “Let me choose 12,000 men to start out after David tonight. “Jonathan and Ahimaaz”: Jonathan was the son of the priest Abiathar and Ahimaaz the son of the priest Zadok (15:27). The section in chapt… In Ahithophel’s plan Ahithophel led the battle; in Hushai’s plan Absalom led the battle. Now therefore, send quickly and tell David, saying, ‘Do not spend this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily cross over, lest the king and all the people who, Hushai said to Zadok and Abiathar the priests. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. So David and all the people who were with him arose and crossed over the Jordan: Because of this successful intelligence operation, David escaped the immediate danger from Absalom. Moreover, if he has withdrawn into a city, then all Israel shall bring ropes to that city; and we will pull it into the river, until there is not one small stone found there.”. 27-29. when David was come to Mahanaim--The necessities of the king and his followers were hospitably ministered to by three chiefs, whose generous loyalty is recorded with honor in the sacred narrative. b. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. God was in control. Promise Breakers and Promise Keepers (2 Samuel 21) 20. This Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Jithra, an Israelite, who had gone in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, Joab’s mother. 23. when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed--His vanity was wounded, his pride mortified on finding that his ascendency was gone; but that chagrin was aggravated by other feelings--a painful conviction that through the delay which had been resolved on, the cause of Absalom was lost. 25. b. b. Absalom made Amasa captain of the army instead of Joab: Amasa was the son of a niece of David and a cousin of Joab. 2 I would attack him while he is weary and weak. The supplies they brought, which (besides beds for the weary) consisted of the staple produce of their rich lands and pastures, may be classified a follows: eatables--wheat, barley, flour, beans, lentils, sheep, and cheese; drinkables--"honey and butter" or cream, which, being mixed together, form a thin, diluted beverage, light, cool, and refreshing. “This is one of the great principles of life which every page of the Bible emphasizes and illustrates. a. I advise that all Israel be fully gathered: This would take time. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. a. I will arise and pursue David tonight: Ahithophel advised a quick, selective attack against David only (I will strike only the king). You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. David marches to the other side Jordan (2 Samuel 17:22-24), and there his camp is victualled by some of his friends in that country (2 Samuel 17:27-29). a. 2 SAMUEL 17 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE 1 Ahithophel said to Absalom, "I would choose twelve thousand men and set out tonight in pursuit of David. 2 2 Samuel 17 Commentary. 2 Samuel 17:1-14. (11-13) Hushai advises Absalom to raise a huge army and get David in person. The people are hungry and weary and thirst in the wilderness. I would strike him with terror, and then all the people with him will flee. The contest between David and Absalom is now hasting towards a crisis. He knew all was lost. And of him and all the men who are with him there shall not be left so much as one. This week at Calvary Cork we continue in our study through the book of 2 Samuel with Pastor Mike Neglia Now when Ahithophel saw that his advice was not followed, he saddled a donkey, and arose and went home to his house, to his city. Machir--(See 2 Samuel 9:4 ). But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. : This slip of the tongue was more like an unknowing prophecy. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. thisis a knife!” And he pulls out an incredibly large knife, which makes the would-be mugger’s switchblade look like a penknife as th… 14. 1-11. They were specially sent by God to comfort David in his affliction. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The best intermediate-advanced level commentary on the first book of Samuel is now the commentary by David Tsumura in… If she carried the message by word of mouth, there was danger of her making some mistake or blunder in it; but Providence can make an ignorant girl a trusty … The spreading of a covering over the well's mouth for the drying of corn is a common practice. A Friend in Need or The Trail of Tears (2 Samuel 15:13 --16:23) 17. Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on 2 Samuel 17 ← Back to Jamieson, Fausset & Brown's Bio & Resources. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Hushai saw David with his own eyes and knew that he was not strong and mighty. He was there for David at this time also. Instead, he was wise enough to know that under Hushai’s plan Absalom would fail and Ahithophel would be implicated in the conspiracy. c. And the saying please Absalom and all the elders of Israel: Ahithophel’s plan was smart. i. a. Hushai said to Zadok and Abiathar the priests: This is exactly what David had in mind when he sent Hushai and the priests back to Absalom (2 Samuel 15:35-36). The throne of Israel belonged to Him, and He could grant it or deny at, i. Absalom had the smartest man in Israel on his side, but David’s prayer was mightier than Ahithophel’s smarts. God allowed Ahithophel to give great advice and yet have it be rejected. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. b. “I desire to call your attention to the text on account of its very remarkable character. The bait was caught by the vainglorious and wicked prince. They exercise forethought, prudence, care, everywhere but where they are most required. But both of them went away quickly and came to a man’s house in Bahurim, who had a well in his court; and they went down into it. You can also change some of your preferences. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. III. : Ahithophel’s plan was smart. : These helpers of David were not dramatic warriors, but they helped David in this crisis as much as the bravest soldier. The whole nation had not gone over to Absalom, especially since he publicly disgraced David’s concubines. But both of them went away quickly and came to a man’s house in Bahurim, who had a well in his court; and they went down into it. He was there for David at this time also. IV. Then David went to Mahanaim. Now it came to pass, after they had departed, that they came up out of the well and went and told King David, and said to David, “Arise and cross over the water quickly. One of the hoodlums brandishes a knife and demands that Dundee hand over his possessions. i. Absalom had the smartest man in Israel on his side, but David’s prayer was mightier than Ahithophel’s smarts. AHITHOPHEL'S COUNSEL OVERTHROWN BY HUSHAI. The water of the well at Beth-lehem And when Absalom’s servants came to the woman at the house, they said, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?” So the woman said to them, “They have gone over the water brook.” And when they had searched and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem. So Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “The advice of Hushai the Archite is better than the advice of Ahithophel.” For the LORD had purposed to defeat the good advice of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring disaster on Absalom. Now call Hushai the Archite: It is a remarkable evidence of the hand of God and answer to David’s prayer in 2 Samuel 15:31 that Absalom even asked for another opinion after such wise, well-received counsel. Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Now let me choose twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue David tonight. 17. Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom. 2 Samuel 17. 3. The advice of Hushai the Archite is better than the advice of Ahithophel: This was the first time anyone said this – people always favored the advice of Ahithophel. b. Hastening home, therefore, he arranged his private affairs, and knowing that the storm of retributive vengeance would fall chiefly upon him as the instigator and prop of the rebellion, he hanged himself. Supposed by some to have been a brother of Bath-sheba, and Barzillai--a wealthy old grandee, whose great age and infirmities made his loyal devotion to the distressed monarch peculiarly affecting. The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel--The reasons specified being extremely plausible, and expressed in the strong hyperbolical language suited to dazzle an Oriental imagination, the council declared in favor of Hushai's advice; and their resolution was the immediate cause of the discomfiture of the rebellion, although the council itself was only a link in the chain of causation held by the controlling hand of the Lord. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. 4 Related. All the houses of the better class are furnished with such reservoirs. I’ll come on him when he’s bone tired and take him by complete surprise. He put his household in order, and hanged himself, : Ahithophel committed suicide, and we know that suicide is a sin because it is self-murder and God commanded, ii. ‘. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. So David and all the people who were with him arose and crossed over the Jordan. 17. by En-rogel--the fuller's well in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, below the junction of the valley of Hinnom with that of Jehoshaphat. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 2 Samuel 17 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. All Old Testament Videos TaNaK / Old Testament Genesis 1-11 Genesis 12-50 Exodus 1-18 Exodus 19-40 Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Psalms Proverbs Job Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations b. He had to quickly think of a counter-plan so that he could defeat the counsel of Ahithophel, as David asked him to do in 2 Samuel 15:32-35. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. We can imagine that he said all this praying that God would indeed answer David’s prayer and defeat the counsel of Ahithophel. It must be determined by the sword, and preparation is made accordingly in this chapter. This was good for Absalom’s vanity, but bad for success on the battlefield. “It was as though God stooped over that stricken soul, and as the blows of the rod cut long furrows in the sufferer’s back, the balm of Gliead was poured into the gaping wounds. 2 Samuel 17. a. Absalom crossed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him: Now Absalom was the head of Israel’s army. But the dynasty-house is already built and is established for the ages. It was bold and had a high probability of success and it would spare Israel a protracted civil war between the supporters of David and the supporters of Absalom. You can check these in your browser security settings. They save their money, but squander their happiness; they are guardians of their estates, but suicides of their souls.” (Spurgeon). And the saying please Absalom and all the elders of Israel. 5B ISBN: 978-1-892691-22-4 BIBLE LESSONS INTERNATIONAL MARSHALL, TEXAS 2018 www.biblelessonsintl.com www.freebiblecommentary.org. Hushai not only wanted to defeat the counsel of Ahithophel, he also wanted to do whatever he could to buy David more time before the inevitable attack came. Shobi--must have been a brother of Hanun. 2 Samuel 5:18. : Now Absalom was the head of Israel’s army. Friends in need are friends indeed. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. He advised urgency, doing it all while David was still west of the Jordan River. Hushai not only wanted to defeat the counsel of Ahithophel, he also wanted to do whatever he could to buy David more time before the inevitable attack came. Yet suicide should not be regarded as an unforgivable sin. The people are hungry and weary and thirst in the wilderness: These helpers of David were not dramatic warriors, but they helped David in this crisis as much as the bravest soldier. 3.1 by Brad Boyles. If not, speak up.” So Hushai said to Absalom: “The advice that Ahithophel has given. Now it happened, when David had come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash from Rabbah of the people of Ammon, Machir the son of Ammiel from Lo Debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim, brought beds and basins, earthen vessels and wheat, barley and flour, parched grain and beans, lentils and parched seeds, honey and curds, sheep and cheese of the herd, for David and the people who were with him to eat. (14) Absalom and the elders favor Hushai’s advice. Calmly, Dundee looks at the thugs before responding, “That's not a knife . A man’s house in Bahurim: Jonathan and Ahimaaz could find help along the way. AHITHOPHEL HANGS HIMSELF. 15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them. The adoption of his advice would have extinguished the cause of David; and it affords a dreadful proof of the extremities to which the heartless prince was, to secure his ambitious objects, prepared to go, that the parricidal counsel "pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel." 1-3 Next Ahithophel advised Absalom, “Let me handpick twelve thousand men and go after David tonight. 1-11. Proud member a. 2 I will catch up with him while he is weary and discouraged. 13. all Israel shall bring ropes to that city--In besieging a town, hooks or cranes were often thrown upon the walls or turrets, by which, with ropes attached to them, the besiegers, uniting all their force, pulled down the fortifications in a mass of ruins. David’s Return to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 19:9--20:26) 19. He had an imitator in Judas, who resembled him in his treason, as well as in his infamous end. Nahash--is thought by some to be another name of Jesse, or according to others, the name of Jesse's wife. : Ahithophel did not kill himself over hurt feelings because his counsel was rejected. Then I will bring back all the people to you. All rights reserved. (15-16) Zadok sends his sons to tell David. Saul, in his jealousy, tried to kill David (1 Second Samuel is really a continuation of 1 Samuel (in the Hebrew Bible they are not divided and this is the first book of Kings) and it all centers on one man -- David. Hushai Saves David. 24. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Secret intelligence is sent to David (but with much difficultly) of their proceedings (2 Samuel 17:15-21). (17-22) David is warned. The advice that Ahithophel has given is not good at this time: We can imagine that Hushai’s heart sank when heard of the smart plan Ahithophel suggested. The whole army will run off and I’ll kill only David. 2 Samuel 22:17 Context. The advice that Ahithophel has given is not good at this time. And Absalom made Amasa captain of the army instead of Joab.

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