Plant disease epidemiology is the study of disease in plant populations. Maize, disease, control/ management ABSTRACT In Nepal, maize ranks second after rice both in area and production. Order: Incertae sedis. Symptoms: This disease of maize is caused by two organisms. Pest Description. Black bundle disease Acremonium strictum = Cephalosporium acremonium: Black kernel rot Lasiodiplodia theobromae = Botryodiplodia theobromae: Borde blanco Marasmiellus sp. Pathogen name. (syn. Preview this book » What people are saying - Write a review. Introduction . Maize is cultivated throughout our country but it is cultivated more in Punjab, U.P., Bihar, M.P. It attacks leaves, leaf sheaths, stalks, and sometimes outer Maize is subjected to as many as 112 diseases on a global basis. Figure 1. Acremonium maydis. Black spot Stalk rot. Symptoms. 1963). Physoderma maydis: Cephalosporium kernel rot: Acremonium strictum = Cephalosporium acremonium: Charcoal rot: Macrophomina phaseolina: Corticium ear rot: … Identifying disease issues at harvest makes growers better prepared to select hybrids for the coming season. Symptoms of bacterial stalk rot. Much like diseases of humans and other animals, plant diseases occur due to pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, oomycetes, nematodes, phytoplasmas, protozoa, and parasitic plants. Cephalosporium maydis. Moderate phytosanitary importance, high potential economic importance. University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1924 - 30 pages. Fungal Pathogen . Black Bundle Disease and Late Wilt Causal organism: Cephalosporium maydis, Caphalosporium acremonium. Brown spot (black spot, stalk rot) Physoderma maydis (Miyabe) Miyabe Cephalosporium kernel rot A disease map for disease index (Severity) of maize stalk rot complex at 5 maize growing districts of Nepal monitored during summer season (2016). Hybrids Ganga Safed-2, DHM 103, show significantly less disease incidence than other hybrids. Taxonomic Position . Reduction in growth and yield is demonstrated. Black bundle disease Acremonium strictum W. Gams = Cephalosporium acremonium Auct. Late wilt, black bundle disease of maize. Significance. Hybrids Ganga Safed-2, DHM 103, show significantly less disease incidence than other hybrids. In the cultivar Ndock 8701 the pathogen showed … Though rocky soil is unsuitable for maize cultivation, but it is cultivated in hilly areas-of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. A literature review was carried out to explore major maize diseases and their management in Nepal. Introduction Bacterial Stalk Rot Black Bundle Disease and Late Wilt Charcoal Rot Common Rust Downy Mildew Diseases Head Smut Maydis Leaf Blight Maize Mosaic Maize Dwarf Mosaic Viruses Pythium Stalk Rot Seed Rots And Seedling Disease Smut Turcicum Leaf Blight. Selected pages. Other scientific names. Has also been found in India. Journal of Maize Research and Development (2015) 1(1):28-52 ISSN: 2467-9283 (Print)/ 2467-9291 (Online) DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.34292. Image: D. Mueller . Banded leaf and sheath spot* Rhizoctonia solani Kühn = Rhizoctonia microsclerotia J. Matz (teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris (A.B. Black bundle disease or late wilt, caused by Cephalosporium maydis, is one of the main economical and distributed maize dis-eases in Egypt (Samra et al. Cephalosporium wilt (Black bundle disease and late wilt) Causal organism: Cephalosporium acremonium/ Cephalosporium maydis . Acremonium maydis. The outside of the stalk may be brown to black and water soaked. Use of disease resistance varieties, i.e. Avoid waterlogging and poor drainage. 2. Use of disease resistance varieties, i.e. Taxonomy. Disease Management. Borde blanco* Marasmiellus sp. Page 196. rot is important disease of maize, which caused 10-15 per cent losses (Thind and Payak, 1985). CAPS Target: AHP Prioritized Pest List – 2009 & 2010 . Cephalosporium maydis. In India we have … = Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. Arx & E. Müller (anamorph: Glomerella falcatum Went) Aspergillus ear and kernel rot Aspergillus flavus Link:Fr. Three species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasiculatum, Glomus mossae and Acaulispora laevis) were used as bio-agents to manage black bundle disease of maize caused by C.acremonium. Introduction. This disease can be controlled by altering the crops, treatment the seed and reducing water stress. Black bundle disease: Acremonium strictum = Cephalosporium acremonium: Black kernel rot : Lasiodiplodia theobromae = Botryodiplodia theobromae: Borde blanco: Marasmiellus sp. Importance. Pathogen name. Widespread incidence and severity in Egypt, with 100% infection reported in some fields. The lower disease index of 23.52 % with 14.00% incidence was recorded in Khaskusum area of Banke district followed by Surkhet having 43.57% PDI and 29.00% incidence where crop Key words: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Bio-control, Black bundle disease, C.acremoniumand Maize. In recent years, maize area and production has shown a steady increase, but productivity hill (72.85%), terai (17.36%) and high hill (9.79%) respectively. Abutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf); Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Aceria tosichella (wheat curl mite); Achaea catocaloides; Acidovorax avenae subsp. and Rajasthan. Black bundle disease Sarocladium strictum (W. Gams) Summerb. 0 Reviews . When this disease started its attack the top leaves whose color is dull green and losing its color gradually and finally dry. This disease was first reported as a vascular wilt disease of corn in Egypt in 1960  and is now considered endemic throughout Egypt. Infection caused by C. acremonium becomes apparent when maize has reached the dough stage. Late wilt of corn, ‘Shallal’ disease of maize, and black bundle disease . 2 Brown spot Physoderma maydis The disease normally occurs in areas of high rainfall and high mean temperatures. Has also been found in India. Pioneer research teams have developed and characterized a wide lineup of products that are recognized by growers for their ability to help protect against stalk diseases. non Corda Black kernel rot* Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Observations of symptoms and re-isolation of the pathogen showed that the disease causes chlorosis, leaf necrosis, stem necrosis, barren plants and wilting symptoms. Maize. Brown spot. Late wilt, black bundle disease of maize. The leaf tissue within the whorl and the growing point of the stem within the whorl are brown, wet, slimy, and have a foul odor that smells like silage. INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most important food crops of the world. Cephalosporium acremonium Corda) Charcoal rot ... Rice black streak dwarf virus (RBSDV) Maize streak Genus Mastrevirus, Maize streak virus (MSV) Maize stripe Genus Tenuivirus, Maize stripe virus (MStV) Maize white line mosaic Genus Aureusvirus, Maize white line mosaic virus (MWLMV) Mal de Rio Cuarto … Reason for Inclusion in Manual . Black Bundle Disease and Late Wilt: Causal organism: Cephalosporium maydis, Caphalosporium acremonium. Widespread incidence and severity in Egypt, with 100% infection reported in some fields. Late wilt or black bundle disease is a vascular wilt disease of (corn, maize) caused by the soilZea mays -borne and seed-borne fungus, Harpophora maydis   with synonyms Cephalosporium mayd and isAcremonium maydis  . Family: Magnaporthaceae . The fungus reproduces asexually, and no perfect stage has been identified 4]. ID: PDO:0000187 proposed name: maize black bundle fungal disease proposed definition: A maize fungal disease (PDO:0000012) caused by Acremonium strictum (PDO:xxx). In Israel, the disease has become a major problem in recent years. 2. Late wilt, or black bundle disease, is a vascular wilt disease of Zea mays L. (corn, maize) caused by the soil-borne and seed-borne fungus Magnaporthiopsis maydis (Samra, Sabet, and Hing; Klaubauf, Lebrun, and Crou ), with the synonyms Harpophora maydis, Acremonium maydis, and Cephalosporium maydis (Samra, Sabet, and Hingorani). ; Late Wilt; Maize; Molecular Diagnosis . This disease appears during tasseling as a rapid wilting of the lower leaves and develops to hollow and shrunken stalks with a dark yellow-to-brown or black-stained pith (El-Shafey and Name Language; black bundle disease of maize: English: late wilt of maize: English: Gefässbündelkrankheit: Mais: German: Welke: Mais: German: céphalosporiose du maïs Seed of maize can rot when heavily infected by A. strictum (Richardson, 1990). The Black-bundle Disease of Corn. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Brown spot. Charles Steven Reddy, James R. Holbert. The pathogen is currently controlled using cultivars of maize having reduced sensitivity. It is reported to cause stalk rot called black bundle disease (White, 2000). Late wilt, or black bundle disease, is a vascular wilt disease of Zea mays (corn, maize) caused by the soil-borne and seed-borne fungus, Harpophora maydis [1, 2].Synonyms are Cephalosporium maydis (Samra, Sabet and Hingorani) and Acremonium maydis [2, 3].The disease is considered to be the most harmful in commercial maize fields in Israel , and a major threat to corn in … Other scientific names. Page. black bundle disease of maize: English: kernel rot of maize: English: Propose photo. Image: D. Mueller . Late wilt, or black bundle disease, is a vascular wilt dis- ease of corn caused by the soil-borne and seed-borne fun- gus, Harpophora maydis [1,2] W. Gams  with syno- nyms: Cephalosporium maydis Samra, Sabet, & Hingo-rani and Acremonium maydis . Moderate phytosanitary importance, high potential economic importance. Taxonomic note: Late wilt is an important disease in Egypt and parts of India. Significance. Type of Pest . During Black bundle and Late wilt disease, the infected plant shows symptom after reaching tassel state. 1. Page. which are explained further. Late wilt, or black bundle disease, is a vascular wilt disease of corn caused by the soil-borne and seed-borne fungus, Harpophora maydis [1,2] W. Gams  with synonyms: Cephalosporium maydis Samra, Sabet, & Hingorani and Acremonium maydis . Symptoms. Avoid waterlogging and poor drainage. Types of diseases : Bacterial leaf blight and stalk rot; Bacterial leaf spot. Although abundantly detected in all seed samples tested, this fungus has not yet been reported to cause any disease in field in Burkina Faso. Plant tissue remaining green after stalk falls due to bacterial stalk rot. This disease was first Different effects of Acremonium strictum from Cameroon on maize cultivars Ndock 8701, CMS 8704 and CMS 8501 were investigated. Page 195. Importance. Late wilt, a severe vascular disease of maize caused by the fungus Harpophora maydis, is characterized by relatively rapid wilting of maize plants before tasseling and until shortly before maturity. The results revealed that colonization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in root system of the host reduce the percentage of disease incidenceconsiderably. Griffon & Maubl. Introduction. Frank) Donk) Black bundle disease Acremonium strictum W. Gams = Cephalosporium acremonium Auct. Black spot Stalk rot Physoderma maydis: Cephalosporium kernel rot Acremonium strictum = Cephalosporium acremonium: Charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina: Corticium ear rot … Class: Ascomycetes .
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